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Drywood termites thrive in hot climates, and human actions can enable them to invade houses since they can be transported through contaminated products, containers and boats.199 Colonies of termites have been seen thriving in warm buildings located in cold regions.203 Some termites are considered invasive species. Cryptotermes brevis, the most frequently introduced invasive termite species in the entire world, has been introduced to all the islands in the West Indies and also to Australia.37199.
In addition to causing damage to buildings, termites can also harm food plants.204 Termites can attack trees whose resistance to damage is low but generally ignore fast-growing plants. Most attacks occur at harvest time; crops and trees have been attacked during the rainy season.204
The damage caused by termites costs the southwestern United States roughly $1.5 billion each year in wood structure harm, but the true cost of damage globally cannot be determined.199205 Drywood termites are responsible for a huge proportion of the damage caused by termites.206 The goal of termite control is to keep structures and susceptible ornamental plants free from termites.207; Structures could be houses or business, or elements such as wooden fence posts and telephone poles.
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To better control the population of termites, various techniques have been developed to track lymph movements.205 One ancient method involved distributing termite bait laced with immunoglobulin G (IgG) markers proteins in rabbits or chickens. Termites collected from the field could be analyzed to your rabbit-IgG markers using a rabbit-IgG-specific assay.
Termites bearing these proteins can be traced using a protein-specific ELISA evaluation.205.
These flying alates were accumulated as they came out of the nests in the ground during the first days of the rainy season.
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Termites are consumed by people in many different cultures around the world. In Africa, the alates are an important element in the diets of native populations.209 Tribes have different means of collecting or cultivating insects; occasionally tribes collect soldiers from several species. Though harder to get, queens are considered as a delicacy.210 Termite alates are high in nutrition with sufficient levels of fat and protein.
Alates are collected when the rainy season begins. During a nuptial flight, they are generally seen around lights to which they are attracted, and so nets are put on lamps and captured alates are afterwards collected. The wings are removed via a technique that is comparable to winnowing. The best result comes when they are lightly roasted on a hot plate fried until crisp.
Termites are generally eaten when livestock is lean and Japanese crops have not yet grown or produced any meals, or when food stocks out of a previous growing season are limited.209.
In addition to Africa, termites are consumed in tribal or local areas in Asia and North and South America. In Australia, Indigenous Australians are aware that termites are edible but do not consume them even in times of scarcity; there aren't many explanations as to why.209210 Termite mounds are the main sources of soil consumption (geophagy) in many countries including Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.211212213214 Researchers have suggested that termites are suitable candidates for human consumption and space agriculture, since they are high in protein and can be used to convert inedible waste to consumable products for humans.215.
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Scientists have developed a more affordable method of tracing the movement of termites using traceable proteins.205
Termites can be major agricultural pests, particularly in East Africa and North Asia, where harvest losses can be severe (3100 percent in crop reduction in Africa).216 Counterbalancing that is the considerably improved water infiltration where termite tunnels in the dirt allow rainwater to soak in special info deeply, which will help decrease runoff and consequent soil erosion through bioturbation.217 In South America, cultivated plants such as lavender, upland rice and sugarcane can be seriously damaged by termite infestations, with attacks on leaves, roots and sterile tissue.
Termites and ants can re-colonise untilled land that contains harvest stubble, which colonies use for nourishment when they establish their nests. The presence of nests in fields enables larger amounts of rainwater to soak into the ground and increases the amount of nitrogen in the soil, both essential for the growth of plants.218.